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Monday, May 17, 2021

An Overview of Hepatitis B: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

An Overview of Hepatitis B: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment


An Overview of Hepatitis B Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment



 Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease and is caused by HBV or hepatitis virus. Hepatitis B can be a chronic illness, lasting more than six months. If left untreated, the risk of liver failure, cirrhosis, or liver cancer is usually high.

In adults, complete recovery is possible even if it is difficult. When children get the infection, the chances of it being incurable are higher. There is a vaccine that can help prevent it. However, a solution is yet to come.

Symptoms

Symptoms can be severe or mild. They appear 1-4 months after infection. There are cases where symptoms are seen two weeks after infection. However, for some people, especially children, there are no symptoms.

Some of the features include:

  • Fever
  • Black urine
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Nausea
  • Cleaning
  • Loss of appetite
  • Joint pain
  • Jaundice


Causes and mode of infection

HBV causes infection. It can be passed from one person to another through body fluids such as semen and blood. The infection cannot be spread by coughing or sneezing. It can be spread by:

  • Sexual contact: having unprotected sex with an infected person
  • Sharing infected needles
  • Accidental needle sticks
  • Transmission of the baby to an infected mother

Risk factors

The body can eliminate hepatitis B if it is severe, and a person can recover fully in a few months. However, it can be an incurable disease, especially when the body is unable to fight it. And it can keep a person's whole life leading to other problems.

The chances of infection are increased by:

  • Sharing needles
  • Homosexuality
  • Living with someone who has HBV, especially if they are chronic
  • Maternal infection in the child
  • Visiting areas where infection rates are high
  • Being at work where a person is exposed to human blood

Treatment

Liver biopsy, liver ultrasound, and blood tests can help prevent hepatitis B. Once you have the virus, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. Hepatitis B medications include an immunoglobulin injection and are given approximately 12 hours after exposure. This can protect you from getting sick. This is temporary protection. It is best to vaccinate.

If the infection is severe, you may not be given any Hepatitis B medication. Rest, proper fluids, and nutrition can help. In severe cases, you can get antiretroviral drugs. Staying in the hospital may also be necessary to reduce stress.

If you have chronic hepatitis B, you may need to be treated for life. Getting hepatitis B medication reduces the risk of liver disease, and it does not transmit it to others.

Hepatitis B medications include drugs such as entecavir, tenofovir, lamivudine, adefovir, and telbivudine. You can also get interferon injections. This is often given to fight infection, especially for women who want to have children and young people.

Liver transplantation can be highly recommended when the liver is severely damaged.


Hepatitis B can cause irreversible damage. With proper treatment and treatment for Hepatitis B, you can prevent injury and live a normal life. Check, especially if you are in a high-risk category, and seek help if you are exposed.

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